Now showing items 586-605 of 3464

    • Early Childcare and Cognitive Development: Evidence from an Assignment Lottery 

      Drange, Nina Eirin; Havnes, Tarjei (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Young children are thought to be vulnerable to separation from their primary caregiver. This raises concern about whether early childcare enrollment may harm child development. We use childcare assignment lotteries to ...
    • Earnings, disposable income, and consumption of allowed and rejected disability insurance applicants 

      Kostøl, Andreas Ravndal; Mogstad, Magne (Discussion papers;803, Working paper, 2015-03)
      Two key questions in thinking about the size and growth of the disability insurance program are to what extent it discourages work, and how valuable the insurance is to individuals and families. These questions motivate ...
    • ECM-algorithms that converge at the rate of EM 

      Sexton, Joseph; Swensen, Anders Rygh (Discussion Papers;No. 244, Working paper, 1999)
      This paper describes a way of constructing an ECM algorithm such that it converges at the rate of the EM algorithm. The approach is motivated by the well known conjugate directions algorithm, and a special case of it is ...
    • Eco-labels, production related externalities and trade 

      Greaker, Mads (Discussion Papers;No, 332, Working paper, 2002)
      Abstract: We analyze the trade and welfare effects of eco-labels in a domestic market with one domestic firm and one foreign firm. Pollution is production related, and the government can choose between including the product ...
    • Ecology and economy in the Arctic : uncertainty, knowledge and precaution 

      Aslaksen, Iulie; Glomsrød, Solveig; Myhr, Anne Ingeborg (Discussion Papers;No. 525, Working paper, 2007)
      Abstract: Climate change impacts in the Arctic require that complex relationships between the economy, the environment, and the living conditions of indigenous and local people be taken into account. While traditional ...
    • Econometric analysis of labor supply in a life cycle context with uncertainty 

      Dagsvik, John K. (Discussion Papers;No. 21, Working paper, 1987)
      The paper considers a recent econometric approach for analysing labor supply in a life cycle context. The model we present extends MaCurdy's (1982) model in that the wage rate is assumed to depend on previous labor market ...
    • Economic fluctuations in a small open economy – Real versus nominal shocks 

      Bjørnland, Hilde Christiane (Discussion Papers;No. 215, Working paper, 1998)
      This paper analyses the role of real and nominal shocks in explaining business cycles in a small open economy like that of Norway. In particular, we study the sources behind real exchange rate fluctuations since the collapse ...
    • The Economy of the North - ECONOR 2020 

      Glomsrød, Solveig; Duhaime, Gérard; Aslaksen, Iulie (Statistiske analyser;, Research report, 2021-05)
    • Editing statistical records by neural networks 

      Nordbotten, Svein (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 1995)
      Editing records to ensure quality in statistical surveys is an expensive and timeconsuming process. Since the introduction of computers in statistical processing, development and use of automated editing have been important ...
    • Education and cancer risk 

      Leuven, Edwin; Plug, Erik; Rønning, Marte (Discussion papers;777, Working paper, 2014-04)
      There exists a strong educational gradient in cancer risk, which has been documented in a wide range of populations. Yet relatively little is known about the extent to which education is causally linked to cancer incidence ...
    • Education-specific labour force and demand in Norway in times of transition 

      Dapi, Bjorn; Gjefsen, Hege Marie; Sparrman, Victoria; Stølen, Nils Martin (Rapporter;2016/31, Research report, 2016-11-15)
      This report analyzes the demand for labour in Norway between 2014 and 2035, and whether this demand corresponds to the educational composition of the labour force
    • Educational differences in cohort fertility across sub-national regions in Europe 

      Nisén, Jessica; Klüsener, Sebastian; Dahlberg, Johan; Dommermuth, Lars; Jasilioniene, Aiva; Kreyenfeld, Michaela; Lappegård, Trude; Peng, Li; Martikainen, Pekka; Neels, Karel; Riederer, Bernhard; Riele, Saskia te; Szabó, Laura; Trimarchi, Alessandra; Viciana, Francisco; Wilson, Ben; Myrskylä, Mikko (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Educational differences in female cohort fertility vary strongly across high-income countries and over time, but knowledge about how educational fertility differentials play out at the sub-national regional level is limited. ...
    • EEC : Hva vil en eventuell frihandelsordning bety? 

      Aukrust, Odd (Journal article, 1971)
      For å vurdere om en frihandelsordning med EEC er et alternativ for Norge, kan vi se på hvilken løsning som tenkes for de EFTA-land som ikke har søkt om fullt medlemskap. Det er enighet mellom «de seks» om at det skal tas ...
    • The effect of plant closure on crime 

      Rege, Mari; Skarðhamar, Torbjørn; Telle, Kjetil; Votruba, Mark (Discussion Papers;593, Working paper, 2009)
      We estimate the effect of exposure to plant closure on crime using an individual-level panel data set containing criminal charges for all unmarried and employed Norwegian men below the age of 40. Men originally employed ...
    • The effect of preschool on the school performance of children from immigrant families : results from an introduction of free preschool in two districts in Oslo 

      Drange, Nina; Telle, Kjetil (Discussion Papers;631, Working paper, 2010)
      Two districts of Oslo started to offer five-year-old children free preschool four hours a day. We analyze the effect of this intervention on the school performance of the children from immigrant families 10 years later ...
    • Effective rates of assistance for Norwegian industries 

      Holmøy, Erling; Hægeland, Torbjørn; Olsen, Øystein (Discussion Papers;No. 122, Working paper, 1994)
      We measure the effective assistance to 18 Norwegian private industries in 1989 caused by government budgetary subsidies, indirect commodity taxes, import protection through nominal tariffs and non-tariff-barriers, price ...
    • Effective rates of assistance for Norwegian industries 

      Holmøy, Erling; Hægeland, Torbjøm (Discussion papers;147, Working paper, 1995-07)
      We measure the effective assistance to 17 Norwegian private industries in 1989 and 1991 caused by government budgetary subsidies, indirect commodity taxes, import protection through nominal tariffs and non-tariff barriers, ...
    • The effects of benefits on disability uptake 

      Brinch, Christian N. (Discussion Papers; No. 576, Working paper, 2009)
      I study the effects of the level of disability benefits on disability uptake. Estimation of such effects is difficult because individual levels of disability pension benefits are closely related to individual characteristics ...
    • Effects of changes in electricity prices on the power-intensive industries and other sectors in Norway towards 2030 

      Kaushal, Kevin R.; Lindholt, Lars; Hidemichi Yonezawa, Hidemichi Yonezawa (Rapporter;2019/43, Research report, 2019-12-23)
      I denne studien studerer vi effektene av ulike fremtidige elektrisitetspriser på den kraftkrevende industriens produksjon, sysselsetting, investeringer og handel i perioden 2020-2030. Vi bruker SSBs SNOW-modell, en generell ...
    • Effects of demographic development, labour supply and pension reforms on the future pension burden 

      Fredriksen, Dennis; Stølen, Nils Martin (Discussion Papers;No. 418, Working paper, 2005)
      Abstract: A much higher old-age dependency ratio together with more generous pension benefits will lead to a substantial increase in the future pension burden in Norway. The challenges of financing the increasing pension ...